Higher maize crop expected
AgriOrbit - Apr 26th 2018, 10:22
The area planted estimate and third production forecast of summer crops for the 2018 production season was recently released by the National Crop Estimates Committee.
The size of the expected commercial maize crop has been set at 12,827 million tons, which is 3,27% or 406 310 tons more than the previous forecast of 12,420 million tons. The area estimate for maize is 2,319 million hectare (ha), while the expected yield is 5,53 t/ha.
The estimated maize crop is 24% smaller than the 2017 crop, which was the highest crop ever (16,820 million tons). The three main maize producing areas, namely the Free State, Mpumalanga and North West provinces are expected to produce 82% of the 2018 crop.
The area estimate for white maize is 1,268 million ha and for yellow maize, the area estimate is 1,051 million ha. The production forecast of white maize is 6,630 million tons, which is 4,19% or 266 560 tons more than the 6,363 million tons of the previous forecast. The yield for white maize is 5,23 t/ha. In the case of yellow maize, the production forecast is 6,197 million tons, which is 2,31% or 139 750 tons more than the 6,057 million tons of the previous forecast.
The yield for yellow maize is 5,90 t/ha. The yield per ha for Mpumalanga province was based on scientific and objective results provided by the ARC. Please note that the objective results for the Free State and North West provinces will be available in May 2018.
The production forecast for sunflower seed is 792 255 tons, which is 5,75% or 43 050 tons more than the 749 205 tons of the previous forecast. The area estimate for sunflower seed is 601 500 ha, while the expected yield is 1,32 t/ha.
The production forecast for soya beans is 1,430 million tons, which is 2,55% or 35 500 tons more than the 1,395 million tons of the previous forecast. It is the largest soya bean crop produced in the history of South Africa. The estimated area planted to soya beans is 787 200 ha and the expected yield is 1,82 t/ha.
The expected groundnut crop remained unchanged at 80 600 tons. The area estimate is 56 300 ha and the expected yield is 1,43 t/ha. The production forecast for sorghum also remained unchanged at 84 750 tons, whilst the area estimate for sorghum is 28 800 ha. The expected yield is 2,94 t/ha.
In the case of dry beans, the production forecast is 65 610 tons, which is 3,81% or 2 600 tons less than the 68 210 tons of the previous forecast. The area estimate of dry beans is 53 360 ha, with an expected yield of 1,23 t/ha.AgriOrbit
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