Asking customers to donate when they buy stuff may be good for business
Sep 21st 2018, 14:18
Cashiers asking customers to donate small sums to charity while they’re at cash registers, known as checkout charity, is becoming a big business.
All that spare change, taken together with donations solicited through e-commerce, collectively raised at least US$440 billion in 2016 from retailers like Petco, Walmart and eBay. According to Engage for Good, a cause-related commerce group, roughly 3 out of 4 Americans have been asked to donate to charities ranging from Children’s Miracle Network Hospitals to local foodbanks while buying stuff.
Franchisees often say they are reluctant to participate in this practice based on an assumption that consumers dislike donating at checkout and that these campaigns will negatively impact sales. Because I do research about franchising, I wanted to see if those concerns are valid.
Is reluctance warranted?
To get a clearer picture of how customers feel about checkout charity appeals and if it makes them less likely to return to its restaurants, I was on a research team that looked into how checkout charity may affect sales at retailers, restaurants and supermarkets – plus the public’s perception of those brands.
We partnered with a national fast-food restaurant chain that provided data in exchange for an analysis of their checkout charity campaign and declined to be identified.
Marketing professors and experts in consumer behavior and marketing strategy Michael Gibelhausen, Helen Chun, Liwu Hsu and I conducted multiple studies including a restaurant field study where we intercepted customers in the restaurant to get their feedback immediately after they were asked to donate.
Three controlled online experiments investigated the underlying psychological processes at play. We also reviewed sales and checkout charity data provided by the fast-food chain, which has approximately 1,000 U.S. locations.
A warm glow
As we explained in the Cornell Hospitality Quarterly, an academic journal, we found that such campaigns can benefit a franchise’s bottom line. This occurs because checkout charity can make consumers feel what economist James Andreoni calls a “warm glow” from their giving. These positive feelings, we believe, can lead customers to spend more money in the future at the same restaurant chain.
We found that asking customers who refuse to donate had no effect on their emotional response to the brand or their willingness to return for another meal.
However, the customers who donated felt good about it. Based on our analysis of sales data, we believe they also felt better about the chain we studied and were more likely to return.
In short, raising money for causes through checkout charity may increase sales without costing businesses anything in terms of customer satisfaction.
Sainsbury’s and Asda seek to salvage deal with £1bn pledge
20/03/2019 - 08:58
British supermarket groups Sainsbury’s and Asda have committed to deliver £1bn of annual price cuts as they attempt to salvage their proposed combination after being dealt a potentially fatal blow by the regulator.
Is #BlackFriday affecting SA’s December retail trade?
19/03/2019 - 09:37
South Africa has seen the Black Friday sales phenomenon grow exponentially in recent years, quickly entrenching itself as a major calendar event on the local retail and shopping scene. The Black Friday sales bonanza, which takes place towards the end of November, is now bigger in SA than ever before. It is a boon for retailers, shopping centres and consumers. However, is Black Friday an emerging threat for the traditional December festive season sales boom?
Pick n Pay Smart Shopper vs Woolworths WRewards compared
14/03/2019 - 08:38
A July 2018 Eighty20 report found that the average South African consumer is subscribed to as many as nine different rewards programmes, covering retail, petrol, and banking, among other sectors.
DIY retailers struggle in sputtering economy
07/03/2019 - 13:48
SA’s DIY retail stores have mostly been immune to economic downturns.
How mall owners can beat the retail blues
07/03/2019 - 10:17
A decade ago, just about any developer or listed property fund that owned a mall or built a new one, no matter how big or small, was virtually assured of making a packet. Back then, retail was still the most sought-after investment subsector of the SA real estate market and shopping centres comfortably outperformed offices, warehouses and factories on the total return front.