Climate change hits African agriculture says report
Business Live - Dec 8th 2011, 09:04
New research reveals that Africa will face significantly lower crop yields in the next 10 years as a result of increasing temperatures, threatening the food security of millions.
The new report on climate change and African agriculture examined the extent of climate change impacts in Africa and their effects on food security, and found that even small temperature increases were likely to affect yields.
The report was published by the African Climate Policy Centre (ACPC), the technical arm of the Climate for Development in Africa (ClimDev Africa) programme, based at the UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA).
The report's author, Prof Doreen Stabinsky, said: "Global temperature rise must be limited urgently to avoid serious impacts on African agricultural production. International offset programmes, which provide a substitute for action in developed countries, are actually further threatening food security in Africa."
She said "African farmers and pastoralists are already seeing changes in the timing of rains, in the severity of rains, in temperatures, and in the progressive drying of their soils."
Recent research summarised in the report concluded that from 1980-2008, due to rising global temperatures, global maize and wheat yields have already decreased by 3.8% and 5.5% respectively.
"African countries are highly vulnerable to climate change, and the agriculture sector is a good indicator of vulnerability given its importance to livelihoods and the economy. The impact that current and historic GHG [greenhouse gas] emission is having on agriculture in Africa needs to be better understood in order for African negotiators to negotiate effectively, armed with the kind of information outlined in this report," said Seyni Nafo, spokesperson for the African Group.
At the current rate of temperature increase, global average temperatures will have increased 1.5°C by 2050. Studies quoted in the report estimate average production losses by 2050 for African maize at 22%, sorghum 17%, millet 17%, groundnut 18%, and cassava 8%.
"Warming as low as 1.5°C threatens food production in Africa significantly," added Stabinsky.
Latin America, Africa behind SABMiller growth
24/05/2013 - 11:31
Brussels - SABMiller [JSE:SAB], the world's second biggest brewer, reported profit growth in line with expectations thanks to a surge in earnings in Latin America and Africa and said its markets should be broadly unchanged in the coming months.
Tongaat full-year earnings up 15%
24/05/2013 - 10:59
Johannesburg - Tongaat Hulett [JSE:TON] reported a 15% rise in full-year earnings on Friday as sugar production rose and said it expected further growth in the year ahead.
Kenya sees 6% economy growth
23/05/2013 - 14:26
Nairobi - Kenya's economy is expected to expand by about 6% in 2013, up from a growth rate of 4.6% last year, driven by a pick-up in sectors like agriculture, the planning minister said on Thursday.
R900m pledge for digital jobs in Africa
10/05/2013 - 08:35
The Rockefeller Foundation will pledge close to US$100 million (R900m) to create digital field jobs in Africa, it was announced at the World Economic Forum on Africa on Thursday (9 April).
SA, Nigeria set to rev up trade
06/05/2013 - 07:47
Johannesburg - Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan and his South African counterpart Jacob Zuma will discuss ways to boost trade between Africa's two biggest economies during talks in Cape Town next week.